1. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE
Members of the Institute shall in all cases act in
accordance with the high standards appropriate to a
professional body and shall not act to the detriment of
the Institute, its members or the profession or bring
these into disrepute. In particular, members shall refrain
from public attacks on the competence, reputation and
honour of other members of the Institute or of a
professional body of equivalent standing.
Except where the context requires otherwise, in this
Member means any person admitted to membership of
the Institute, regardless of category.
Principal means any legal or natural person from whom
a member accepts work.
Work means translation, interpreting or the teaching
thereof, or other activities connected therewith.
Articles means the Articles of Association of the
Institute of Translation & Interpreting in force for the time
Institute, By-laws and Council have the same
meaning as in the Articles.
Words importing the singular number shall include the
plural number and vice versa.
Words importing the masculine gender shall include the
3. STANDARDS OF CONDUCT
Members shall not infringe any accepted advertising
standards nor make claims which they cannot
3.2 Mutual assistance
3.2.1 Members shall assist each other in every
practical way, and shall conduct themselves loyally
towards their fellow members and the Institute.
3.2.2. Members who are approached with
instructions to carry out work which they are unable
to accept without infringing the provisions of this
Code (in particular section 4 below) or which they
cannot complete by the required date, shall
endeavour to introduce the Principal to another
member who has the necessary skills.
3.3 Dispersion of work
No member shall sub-commission or subcontract work
without his Principal's prior knowledge and agreement,
without defining the changed responsibilities, if any.
Members acting as a company or agency shall disclose
this fact to anyone to whom they subcontract work.
3.4 Exploitation of knowledge acquired
3.4.1 No member shall derive any gain from
privileged information acquired in the course of work
3.4.2 No member shall accept remuneration from any
party in respect of work other than as contractually
3.4.3 Members shall carry out all work entrusted to
them with complete impartiality and shall disclose
any business, financial or other interest which might
affect this impartiality.
3.5.1. Members shall maintain complete
confidentiality at all times and treat any information
which may come to them in the course of their work
as privileged information, not to be communicated to
any third party without authority. They shall also
require all those assisting them in their work to be
similarly bound, subject to 4.4.4 below.
3.5.2 No member shall disclose privileged
information about other members.
3.6 Media and Public Statements
In making public statements and in their contacts with
the media, members must bear in mind that, if they have
been identified as members of the Institute, their
statements may be interpreted as representing the view
of the Institute or of the profession and shall respond
accordingly with dignity and professionalism.
4. STANDARDS OF WORK
4.1.1 Subject to 4.4 and 4.5 below, members shall
translate only into a language which is either (i) their
mother tongue or language of habitual use, or (ii) one
in which they have satisfied the Institute that they
have equal competence. They shall translate only
from those languages in which they can demonstrate
they have the requisite skills.
4.1.2 Subject to 4.5 below, members shall at all times
maintain the highest standards of work according to
their abilities, ensuring fidelity of meaning and
register, unless specifically instructed by their
Principals, preferably in writing, to re-create the
text in the cultural context of the target language.
4.1.3 Individual members shall have sole
responsibility and liability for work which they accept
from Principals, whether or not this is delegated or
4.1.4 Members shall draw the attention of their
Principals to any significant ambiguities, errors,
omission or imprecise language in the material on
which they work.
Members shall interpret impartially between the various
parties in the languages for which they are registered
with the Institute and, with due regard to the
circumstances prevailing at the time, take all reasonable
steps to ensure complete and effective communication
between the parties, including intervention to prevent
misunderstanding and incorrect cultural inference.
Subject to 4.5 below, members shall refuse work which
they know to be beyond their competence, either
linguistically or because of lack of specialised
knowledge, unless the work is to be subcontracted to
another translator or interpreter who has the necessary
competence, in which case the provisions of this Code
and in particular section 3.3 shall apply.
4.4 Contractual arrangements
4.4.1 Members shall endeavour to accept work on
terms and conditions which, as far as is practicable
or agreed, are consistent with the Institute's Standard
Terms of Business, but where no such terms are
agreed, the Institute's standard terms shall be
deemed to apply by default in any dispute resolution
or arbitration proceedings.
4.4.2 Where members accept work on agreed terms
they shall not unilaterally vary such terms without
valid reason and giving the maximum possible notice
to their Principal, except in cases of force majeure.
4.4.3 Where members receive work from a Principal
who is acting as an intermediary they shall not make
any direct contact with the Principal's client without
the Principal's and the client's express agreement. If
such agreement is given they shall not make any
statements which may be detrimental to their
4.4.4 Members shall not accept work contrary to the
provisions of this Code, except in the circumstances
specified in section 4.5. They shall not knowingly
mistranslate or misinterpret, even if instructed so to
do, and shall not accept work which they believe
may further any illegal or criminal activity, concerning
which they shall have a duty of disclosure to the
4.4.5 Members who are employees of the Principal
or are bound by a contract of services shall:
a) give their employer loyal, willing and diligent
b) deal honestly with their employer's property
c) not accept any work in breach of the terms of
their contract of employment
d) not accept any bribe, secret commission or
4.4.6 Members acting as Principals shall:
a) wherever possible give preference to members of
b) encourage and assist non-members employed in
any capacity to improve their skills and also, in the
case of translators and interpreters, to seek
membership of the Institute.
c) ensure that they and their employees and
subcontractors observe all relevant clauses of this
Code, especially section 4.1.3, and shall apply
stated procedures to check work not carried out by
Where a Principal requires a member to carry out work
in circumstances which contravene the provisions of
3.2.2, 4.1 or 4.3 above, the member may, exceptionally,
accept the work provided always that:
a) the member has taken appropriate steps, preferably
putting his concerns in writing, to ensure that the
Principal is fully aware of the risks involved
b) the member has satisfied himself that the Principal is
genuinely aware of the risks involved
c) the Principal has expressly agreed to accept the risks
involved, preferably in writing
d) the work carries or is accompanied by a cautionary
5.1 Professional Standards Committee
The composition and conditions of operation of the
Professional Standards Committee shall, in accordance
with the Articles, be specified by the Council.
5.2 Application of the Code
Members shall be governed by this Code in all
5.3.1 Any dispute which cannot be amicably
resolved, either between members or, where the
circumstances permit, between members and non-
members, should be referred to the Institute for
5.3.2 Where the Arbitration Committee finds any
significant failure on the part of a member to meet
the standards laid down in this Code, its findings
may be passed to the Professional Standards
Committee for disciplinary proceedings in
accordance with 5.4 below.
5.4 Disciplinary proceedings
5.4.1 The Professional Standards Committee acting
as the body appointed by the Articles to investigate
allegations of dishonourable or unprofessional
conduct or failure to achieve the standards set by the
Institute will base its decisions and recommendations
on this Code. In circumstances where this Code is
silent the Committee may take into account wider
considerations including the codes of conduct
applicable to other professional bodies.
5.4.2 Where the Professional Standards Committee
finds the allegations proved it shall report its findings
to the Council.
The provisions of this Code may be amended by a
majority decision of the Institute's members present or
represented at an annual or extraordinary general
meeting, provided that due notice in writing is given.